Medical uses of benzodiazepines:
- Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) - Benzodiazepines are often used in the treatment of GAD. The National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends the use of benzodiazepines for short term GAD treatment for no longer than one month. SSRIs are considered to be more effective at treating long-term GAD.
- Insomnia - As Benzodiazepines can lead to dependence, they are normally only used as a short-term treatment for severe insomnia or on a "irregular/as-needed" basis.
- Seizures - Benzodiazepines are powerful anticonvulsants and are very effective at preventing prolonged convulsive epileptic seizures. The first-line hospital choices for treating seizures are either clonazepam, diazepam, or lorazepam.
- Alcohol withdrawal - The most common benzodiazepine prescribed for alcohol withdrawal is chlodiazepoxide, followed by diazepam. The drugs help alcoholics with detoxification and reduce their risk of severe alcohol withdrawal effects.
- Panic attacks - Because of their rapid anti-anxiety effects, benzodiazepines are very effective at treating anxiety associated with panic disorder.